Section 154 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) pertains to the registration of a First Information Report (FIR) by a police officer.
According to this section, if an individual informs a police officer about the commission of a cognizable offense, the police officer is duty-bound to register an FIR. The information can be given orally or in writing, and the police officer must reduce the same to writing if given orally.
The FIR is a crucial document in any criminal investigation as it sets the criminal law in motion. It provides the first account of the offense and helps the police initiate the investigation process
Once an FIR is registered, the police officer is required to investigate the matter and take necessary action.
Section 154 also lays down certain guidelines that a police officer must follow while registering an FIR. The officer must read the information given by the informant and record it in writing.
The informant must be provided with a copy of the FIR, and the officer must make a note of the date and time of receiving the information.
In case the informant is unwilling to provide their name or address, the police officer must still register the FIR and make a note of the same.
The officer cannot refuse to register an FIR or delay the registration without a valid reason. If an officer fails to register an FIR, they can be held liable for disciplinary action.
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